The mountains of the Alps and the Dolomites in the north have: snow-covered peaks, icy glaciers and fertile valleys.
In their foothills are large and beautiful lakes such as Lake Garda and Lake Como.
Further south are huge areas of flat plains and rolling hills, crossed by rivers and streams. Grapes and olives grow here.
The landscape in the far south, and on Sardinia and Sicily, is rugged and mountainous. There are three volcanoes in Italy - Mount Vesuvius on the mainland, Mount Etna on Sicily, and the island volcano of Stromboli.