Environmental Issues

Tar sands

The Arctic region has many minerals that are important to people like: iron, gold and oil.
People live and work in the Arctic to remove these valuable minerals and sell them but this has its advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages Disadvantages
  • The oil and gas bring money to the region.
  • Jobs are provided for local people and migrant workers from different countries.
  • It provides power for the local people.
  • Forests which have taken a long time to grow are destroyed by the building of roads and pipelines.
  • More pollution is released into the atmosphere, increasing the acidity of rain. Acid rain can damage soils and kill trees.
  • There is a danger of a big oil spill or gas explosion.