Climate Types‎ > ‎Deserts‎ > ‎


Only 5% of the world's people live in desert areas. Many live in groups or tribes and are nomads, travelling from place to place in search of: food, water and fresh grazing for their animals. Examples include the Bushman people living in the Kalahari desert and the Bedouin nomads from Arabia.

Others live in small, fertile areas called oases. Oases form around springs or well where people can settle permanently. In the Sahara and Arabian desert, the date palm is a major oasis crop. Its:
  • broad leaves as used for roofs;
  • dates are eaten as a nutritious fruit;
  • trunk is used for building with.
Oasis in Libya

Many people live in round tents in the desert, called yurts. They are made by putting up felt and animal hides on a wooden frame.


Desert people have learnt ways to help them survive in the desert climate - they know which plants contain water and wear long, loose clothing to protect them from the heat and dust.